Abortion Pill, also known by other names – RU-486, Mifeprex (mifepristone), Cytotec (misoprostol).
Usage – This drug regimen is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in women up to 10 weeks after the start of their last menstrual period.
Action – The first medication, Mifeprex, blocks progesterone. Progesterone is a hormone that is necessary for the pregnancy to survive. Without progesterone, the embryo dies. The second medication, Mifepristone, causes the uterus to contract and expel the embryo and uterine contents.
Side effects – Cramping and bleeding are expected. Bleeding may be like a heavy period. Bleeding can last 9 to 16 days and possibly up to 30 days. Other possible side effects include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, diarrhea, fever, chills, weakness, cramping, pain, dizziness and headaches.
Complications – Possible complications include serious or even fatal infections or heavy bleeding, which may require surgery to stop the bleeding. Before taking any medication, you should discuss the risks with your doctor and know what do to if complications arise.
Follow-up – It is important to follow-up with your doctor 1 to 2 weeks after taking this medication regime to see if an abortion has occurred and to assess for complications.
Information taken from U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2016). “Mifeprex Medication Guide.” U.S. Department of Health. Retrieved from http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/DrugSafety/UCM088643.pdf
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